The Effects of Policies, Practices, and Leadership Structures on the Narrowed Racial
Achievement Gap in Selected Military-Serving Schools in the United States
The relationship between race and academic achievement has been studied extensively
for years (Gibson & Ogbu, 1991). However, school districts across the United States continue to
be challenged with the racial achievement gap. In fact, the achievement gaps, along with its
contributing factors and its possible solutions, have become the most publicized topic in
educational literature (Uhlengberg & Brown, 2002).